Destination: Pereira and Cenicafé (Centro de Investigación de Cafe).
Doctor Gloria Inez Puertas told us about the work of CENICAFÉ and about the Buenas Practicas Agricolas, a project formed by the government and FNC to improve quality and environmental care at farm level.
From left Emil, Gloria, Camille, Mikel and Sebastian peeping in.
He showed us around the CENICAFÉ plantation where they had several known and unknown species and varieties.
We all walked out of there confused on a higher level… ready to ask more questions.
– and already looking like a Colombian.
For one the leaves are not flat, but create (kind of) a canal form and are rougher in the texture. And off course the beans are rounder instead of oval.
This photo shows (from left) a Yellow Maragoype, a (red) hybrid between Caturra and Canephora (robusta) and a (black) Liberica bean.
Next on the program was to visit the BuenCafé, a factory producing freeze dried coffee (instant coffee).
Unfortunately we were not allowed to photograph during the tour.
There for no photos from the factory!
To freeze dry coffee is a long process of roasting and then extracting the coffee with pressurised water (180 degrees celcius) for 6 x 90 minutes (!).
Then they add air to this veryveryvery strong coffee and thereby make it into a foam. The foam gets frozen at -50 degrees celcius and ground before they freeze drying begins.
Under vacuum pressure and low temperatures (- 50 degrees Celcius) the remaining water in the coffee vaporises. And voilá – you have the finest Colombian instant coffee.
Below the NBC crew ready for the trip of the factory! See if you can recognize us…